Liverpool FC History
The History of Liverpool FC
Liverpool Football Club is one of England's most successful teams having won an array of trophies including 18 League Titles and 5 European Cups since the club was founded in 1892. As well as an extensive trophy cabinet, Liverpool FC is famous for providing spectators with entertaining attacking football and boasts one of the most passionate fan-bases in sport.
Do you think you know all there is to know about the history of Liverpool Football Club? It's time to put your knowledge to the test with our LFC history guide...
1 The Founding Years of Liverpool FC
The iconic LFC history begins in 1892, a number ingrained in the famous crest. The club's Anfield premises originally belonged to local rivals Everton FC until a dispute resulted in the blue team of Merseyside leaving to form a new ground at Goodison Park. With an empty stadium at hand, local businessman John Houlding made the decision to create a new football team... Liverpool FC! The rest, as they, is history...
The very first competitive match played by a Liverpool FC team was on September 3, 1892 where Higher Walton were handed a very comfortable 8-0 defeat. In the years to come, Liverpool were promoted to the First Division at first attempt and won their first Football League title in 1901. With more success following on and off the field, including back-to-back titles and an Anfield expansion, the club endured a more than stellar start to life.
2 A Club on the Edge of Greatness in the 1960s
The 1960s can be considered as the era where Liverpool truly began to rise from the ashes. Bill Shankly commenced his reign as manager of the club and it didn't take long for supporters to appreciate his approach and ideals. After seven years away, Liverpool earned promotion to the First Division in 1964. Just a few months later the club introduced their first all red kit with Shankly symbolising the colour as meaning power and danger. It only took Liverpool two years of being in the First Division to win their first title under the leadership of Bill Shankly.
Liverpool Football Club entered their first European Cup competition in 1964, reaching the semi-finals against Inter Milan who eventually went on to beat Benfica on home turf. Liverpool reached their first European final in 1966 with the Cup Winners' Cup but suffered an extra-time defeat to Borussia Dortmund. The BBC's popular highlights programme Match of the Day broadcasted their first show in 1964 with Liverpool beating Arsenal 3-2 at home. Anfield was again chosen as the venue five years later for the programme's first broadcast in colour format - Liverpool beat West Ham 2-0!
3 The 1970s and 1980s Were Fully of Glory
It's this timeframe that no doubt marks the club's most successful period to date. Heading into the 70s, Bill Shankly's love of the game and his charismatic approach brought a fresh lease of life to the club. Liverpool's first taste of European success came in 1973 with a victory over Borussia Moenchengladbach in the UEFA Cup. Shankly's resignation a year later was met with shock and sadness but ushered in the Bob Paisley era where success came in many forms. Paisley is regarded as one of the country's most successful football managers having achieved 6 League Titles, 3 European Cups and 9 domestic trophies.
Paisley oversaw the beginning of Liverpool's dominance in England and Europe and was the only manager to win three European Cups with a single team until Real Madrid's success in recent years. Joe Fagan took over from Paisley in 1983 and while his stint was a short one, he won the treble in his first year and is considered by many to be an underrated hero in the club's history. In 1985, Sir Kenny Dalglish took his hero status to a whole new level by becoming one of the game's first player managers. Nicknamed 'The King' by the Anfield faithful, Dalglish lead the team to further success including their 18th League Title. Following his shock resignation in the early 90s, Liverpool's reign as the dominant team in England began to slip.
4 Success for LFC Begun to Decline in the 1990s
Following the incredible success of the previous era, Liverpool FC's history saw a sharp decline in the 1990s, an effect that is still being felt to this day. The club won their 18th league title in 1990 and 19 years later the battle is still ongoing to add to this tally. Club legend Graeme Souness returned to the club to succeed Sir Kenny Dalglish as manager but his dismal reign only last three years. A long-standing member of Liverpool's famous bootroom took over in 1994, but Roy Evan's only success came in the form of a League Cup. Gerard Houllier joined as co-manager alongside Evans in 1998 before the Frenchman took over as the sole manager just a few months later.
The latter years of the 1990s will be best remembered for the rise of some of Liverpool's best local talent. It didn't take long for two of the club's greatest strikers, Robbie Fowler and Michael Owen, to become favourites among the Anfield faithful. Jamie Carragher made his debut all the way back in 1997 and his grit and passion was long felt at the heart of defence. Of course we shouldn't forget Captain Fantastic! Steven Gerrard made his first competitive debut in November 1998 against Blackburn Rovers in the Premier League. The rest, as they say, is history...
5 Mixed Emotions Between 2000 to 2010
What better way to bring in the new millennium than with a treble win! In 2001 Liverpool claimed the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup under the leadership of Gerard Houllier. Towards the end of the year the manager was taken ill at half-time during a league match against Leeds United and a heart condition ruled him out of action for several months. Despite the success of the 2000/01 season, Liverpool failed to exceed expectations. Critics largely blamed Houllier's transfer dealings as the reason for a number of poor seasons in the following years. El Hadji Diouf is more well-known for his controversial nature than his footballing ability while Salif Diao and Bruno Cheyrou failed to make a name for themselves at Anfield.
Houllier's popularity was at an all-time low in 2004 and he was replaced that summer by former Valencia manager Rafael Benitez. In his debut season the Spaniard will forever be remembered for inspiring one of sporting's greatest comebacks in Istanbul to deliver Liverpool's fifth European Cup. Fast forward to the following season and the success continued with Liverpool beating West Ham United on penalties in a dramatic FA Cup Final match. In 2007 Liverpool went to Athens for another European Cup final but AC Milan came out victorious to claim their revenge after Istanbul. With the arrival of new American owners, things quickly began to turn sour at Liverpool FC. Tom Hicks and George Gillet soon became despised by the club's supporters for false promises and public spats with Benitez and chief executive Rick Parry. Trophies had dried up since the 2006 FA Cup win and the manager received his marching orders in the summer of 2010.
6 Hope for a Promising Turnaround
The next part of our LFC history guide takes us to the 2010s when Rafa Benitez was replaced by Fulham manager Roy Hodgson, a choice met with disappointment among the LFC supporters. Following a dismal turn of events both on and off the pitch, an intense battle for ownership reached fever point on October 15, 2010 when Boston-based Fenway Sports Group won the right to take over following a legal challenge at the High Court. Their immediate message to the fanbase was clear; to let their actions do the talking, a stark contrast to the previous owners. Hodgon's tenure went from bad to worse and he was soon replaced within months of FSG taking over. At the beginning of 2011 fan-favourite Sir Kenny Dalglish marked his return to the club and his first match was against none other than old rival Sir Alex Fergurson of Manchester United. The signs of progress were clear and Dalglish earned Liverpool their first trophy in six years with a League Cup victory against Cardiff City. This success, however, was short-lived with the owners deciding that enough progress had not been made in other areas. In a bold move, FSG sacked a club legend in favour of Brendan Rodgers, a young and relatively inexperienced manager belonging to Swansea City.
It didn't take long for the ulsterman to sway the Liverpool fans on his side thanks to his charismatic personality and commitment to delivering attacking football. Rodgers' inaugural season showed steady yet promising signs of improvement and the January signings of Daniel Sturridge and Philippe Coutinho proved to be a hit. It was during the 2013/14 season where we saw Liverpool truly spark under the manager and provide fans with some of the most exciting football the club has seen in years. LFC were leaky at the back but clinical upfront and the passion of Captain Fantastic Steven Gerrard helped sparked a serious title challenge against Manchester City. Ultimately, the deadly combination of Luis Suarez and Daniel Sturridge proved not enough in delivering supporters the trophy they've waited over 20 years for. The departure of Suarez to Barcelona had seemed like a long time coming but the mouthwatering transfer fee received failed to reap the rewards. The first season without Suarez and the first back in the Champions League was a disappointing one, concluding with a humiliating 6-1 defeat to Stoke in what would be Gerrard's last match for the reds. It was clear that Liverpool had lost their way under Brendan Rodgers and he was replaced in October 2015 by former Borussia Dortmund manager Jurgen Klopp, an exciting appointment that was met with huge praise by the supporters.
7 A Club Currently on the Rise
Fast forward to the present and Jurgen Klopp's Liverpool are displaying some of the best attacking football fans have ever seen, all under the roof of a magnificent new Main Stand. The German has transformed supporters from doubters to believers by taking his team to finals in the League Cup, Europa League and Champions League in such quick succession. The manager's passionate and charismatic approach has delivered incredible scenes on the touchline and it's no surprise that fans have taken to him. His time at the club so far has welcomed fan-favourite new arrivals like Mohamed Salah, Sadio Mane, Virgil Van Dijk and Andy Robertson, as well the rise of local star Trent Alexander-Arnold.
Klopp's third season in charge saw Liverpool return to the crown of European football with a runner-up finish in the Champions League. The team fought hard but were undone by the experience and skill of Real Madrid who claimed their 13th UCL trophy in Kiev. Liverpool couldn't linger on this disappoint, however. They returned better and stronger the following season to challenge Manchester City for the Premier League title. An incredible 97 points was not enough to topple Guardiola's men, but greater success was just around the corner. Following a dramatic comeback against Barcelona on another historic night at Anfield, Liverpool booked their place in a second successive Champions League final in Madrid. An early Mohamed Salah penalty and a late Divock Origi strike was enough to claim the club's sixth Champions League success. After a night filled with celebrations, the team were welcomed home as heroes with hundreds of thousands lining the street to show their appreciation.
What will Liverpool have in store for the forthcoming season?
8 A Complete List of Liverpool Football Club's Managers
Liverpool FC have had 21 full-time managers since the club was formed over 125 years ago, but do you know all their names? We have rounded up a complete list of the managers to have led the club during its history along with their achievements.
- William Edward Barclay & John McKenna (1892-1896) - 2x Second Divisions
- Tom Watson (1896-1915) - 2x First Division & 1x Second Division
- George Patterson (1915-1919 & 1928-1936) - 0 Trophies
- David Ashworth (1919-1923) - 1x First Division
- Matt McQueen (1923-1928) - 1x First Division
- George Kay (1936-1951) - 1x First Division
- Don Welsh (1951-1956) - 0 Trophies
- Phil Taylor (1956-1959) - 0 Trophies
- Bill Shankly (1959-1974) - 3x First Divisions, 1x Second Division, 2x FA Cups, 4x Charity Shields & 1x UEFA Cup
- Bob Paisley (1974-1983) - 6x First Divisions, 3x League Cups, 6x Charity Shields, 3x European Cups, 1x UEFA Cup & 1 Super Cup
- Joe Fagan (1983-1985) - 1x First Division, 1x League Cup & 1x European Cup
- Kenny Dalglish (1985-1991) - 3 First Divisions, 2 FA Cups & 4x Charity Shields
- Ronnie Moran (caretaker, 1991) - 0 Trophies
- Graeme Souness (1991-1994) - 1x FA Cup
- Roy Evans (1994-1998) - 1x League Cup
- Gerard Houllier (1998-2004) - 1x FA Cup, 2x League Cups, 1x Charity Shield & 1x UEFA Cup
- Rafael Benitez (2005-2010) - 1x FA Cup, 1x Charity Shield, 1x European Cup & 1x Super Cup
- Roy Hodgson (2010-2011) - 0 Trophies
- Brendan Rodgers (2012-2015) - 0 Trophies
- Jurgen Klopp (2015-present) - European Cup
9 How Liverpool Football Club's Home Has Changed over the Years
Anfield Stadium may be remembered as the home of Liverpool Football Club but it was once the ground of local rivals Everton FC - for a whole 8 years! Had there not have been a dispute over rent, Liverpool FC may never have been formed. The first LFC match to take place at the famous ground was a 7-1 home win in a friendly against Rotherham Town. Only 200 spectators were in attendance but this significantly increased to 5,000 for the club's first Football League match in 1893 against Lincoln City.
The stadium has changed in several ways over the years. One of the first major developments occurred in 1895 with the construction of a new stand capable of holding 3,000 spectators. It was designed to feature a disctinve red and white gable and resembled the main stand at St James' Park, home to Newcastle United. The Anfield Road stand was created in 1903 followed by the iconic Spion Kop three years later. The Kop has since become an iconic stand among the footballing community and represents the very best of passion among supporters. Outside the Spion Kop is a topmast belonging to the SS Great Eastern, an iron sailing steamship - it remains there to this day as a flagpole after first being installed all the way back in 1928! The stadium's first floodlights were installed for £12,000 in 1957 and the iconic Shankly Gates were introduced in 1982. Following the tragic Hillsborough disaster, grounds across the country were required to be converted to all-seater stadiums. As a result of this, the Kemlyn Road stand was transformed into a double-decker layout comprising of 11,000 seats as well as executive boxes and function suites. The Kop remained single tier, keeping one of its most iconic features, but was rebuilt with a reduced capacity of 12,390. A bronze statue dedicated to Bill Shankly and a Hillsborough memorial were soon added to the outer grounds of the stadium.
In recent times, various owners have tried to pursue plans for increasing capacity and improving facilities. Plans for a new stadium surfaced as early as 2002 but after several failed designs and millions spent, as well as the economic collapse in 2008, the plans never materialised. After their takeover in 2010, new American owners Fenway Sports Group lead a thorough planning and consultation process which culminated in choosing an Anfield expansion as the preferred option. Work began in 2014 to expand the Main Stand which would add 8,5000 seats including additional executive boxes and hospitality seats. The £115m construction project worked around Liverpool FC's football schedule and ultimately brought the capacity up to 54,732, making it one of the largest football stadiums in the country. The first match under the expanded Main Stand saw Liverpool beat Leicester City 4-1 in a Premier League match in September 2016.
What lies next for Anfield Stadium? The magnificent Main Stand expansion may have significantly improved capacity but there's always room to add more space for supporters. The Anfield Road section of the ground is expected to form the outline for the next major expansion with planning permission for 4,000 extra seats still valid until in September 2019. While news on further expansion has been muted due to the club choosing to evaluate their options, recent interviews with senior figures suggest that the club is now looking to aim bigger. CEO Peter Moore has recently suggested that the current planning permission will be allowed to expire in favour of a larger project transcending the initial 'small to medium' Anfield Road expansion.
Fancy exploring the home of Liverpool FC in person? Hop on our Liverpool FC bus tour and get up close and personal with Anfield Stadium for yourself!